James continues to give direct advice for Christians. Read James 4:1-17. There is fighting among them, which is a direct result of worldly wisdom (James 3:15-16). James advises to submit to God and resist the devil and his schemes. The Sin of Partiality. In the last chapter James stresses the weight and magnitude of prayer for every believer. Chapter 4 tells us what gets in the way in our relationship with God—and we know from our own experiences how these things also affect our relationships with other people. Submit yourselves, then, to God. Christians are brethren. BAGD 496. 3. He said, “Submit to God, resist the devil and he will flee from you” (4:7). James 4. James 4:17 is also some type of closing summary, but its exact relevance to the context is uncertain. Commentary on James 4:11-17 (Read James 4:11-17) Our lips must be governed by the law of kindness, as well as truth and justice. (James 4:6-7) "Humble yourselves before the Lord, and he will lift you up." James 4 - Submitting To God. (James 4:10) References. "More probably is the view that James was not citing a particular passage but summarizing the truth expressed in several Old Testament passages." James had in mind actual murder and the gamut of sins (hate, anger, bitterness), leading up to it. James 4:1.The crimes condemned in this and the following chapter were so atrocious, and of so public a nature, that we can hardly suppose them to have been committed by any who bore the name of Christians. James 4 describes the war that rages between friendship with the world and life in God. 2 My brothers, 1 w show no partiality as you hold the faith in our Lord Jesus Christ, x the Lord of glory. “Kill”, here meaning murder, is the ultimate result of thwarted desires. Or, it may be that James 4:5 speaks in two independent sentences, and that the words of Scripture quoted refer to what was said in James 4:4. BAGD 685. Verse 1. “More probably is the view that James was not citing a particular passage but summarizing the truth expressed in several Old Testament passages.” (Hiebert) ii. Continuing to emphasize his point that it's wrong to show favoritism and to pursue the pleasures of this world, James speaks of the ultimate worthlessness of wealth. Chapter 4 begins by addressing this worldly wisdom’s affect on the brethren James is addressing. James begins this verse by questioning those addressed of the source of their fighting. The sermonic nature of this epistle is quite pronounced in this chapter, as in the third. Or it may be that James 4:5 speaks in two independent sentences, and that the words of Scripture quoted refer to what was said in James 4:4. i. And to break God's commands, is to speak evil of them, and to judge them, as if they laid too great a restraint upon us. (Hiebert) i. • In Chapters 4-5, James gives wise instruction to believers. James 4:2 "Ye lust, and have not: ye kill, and desire to have, and cannot obtain: ye fight and war, yet ye have not, because ye ask not." James chapter 3 ended with a comparison of earthly and heavenly wisdom. The topic is introduced in James 1:19 but is developed in James 3:1ff. (James 4:17) Summary of James 5. (James 4:4) "But he gives us more grace. BAGD 770. A faithful believer will desire to follow hard after God in service, obedience, and prayer. Resist the devil, and he will flee from you." We are reminded to humble ourselves before God so that He can exalt us. That is why Scripture says: 'God opposes the proud but gives grace to the humble.' James 4:11-12 seems to form some type of closing summary about the improper use of the tongue. 3. Service, obedience, and he will flee from you ” ( 4:7 ) fighting among them, which a! James stresses the weight and magnitude of prayer for every believer heavenly wisdom 4:7 ) world and life in.. 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